Nutritional Medicine & Cardiovascular Disease Worksheet

Nutritional Medicine & Cardiovascular Disease Worksheet essay assignment

Nutritional Medicine & Cardiovascular Disease Worksheet essay assignment

Question1Marks: 1

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Nutritional supplements to aid those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis include but are not limited to: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Copper b. Silver c. Vitamin B17d. Vitamin E e. Vitamin C f. Black currant seed oil g. Zinch. Fish oil i. Molybdenum

Question2Marks: 1

If a micronutrient test reveals vitamin B complex deficiencies, this indicates:

Choose one answer.

a. hay fever b. arthritis c. osteoporosis d. adrenal issues

Question3Marks: 1

How are hidden food allergies most commonly found?

Choose one answer.

a. Blood test b. Allergy needle test c. Allergy skin test d. Food elimination and challenge


Question4Marks: 1

Dr. Alan Gaby has been able to cure acute migraine headaches and acute asthma attacks in 2
minutes by giving the patient, intravenously, magnesium and: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. vitamin C b. zinc  c. vitamin D d. calcium e. B vitamins

Question5Marks: 1

Combinations of interventions often have the following effects: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Additive b. Synergistic c. Reductive d. Antagonistic

Question6Marks: 1

Carolyn Dean, MD, ND, recommends the following daily intake of magnesium and calcium:

Choose one answer.

a. magnesium: 700mg; calcium: 1200-1500mgb. magnesium: 700mg; calcium: 600-700mgc. magnesium: 350-400mg; calcium: 500-700mgd. magnesium: 500mg; calcium: 600-700mg

Question7Marks: 1

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. Dietary factors to help address symptoms include: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Adhering to a gluten free diet b. Paleo diet c. Attention to cooking methods d. Keto diet e. Raw food vegan diet

Question8Marks: 1

Likely an autoimmune disease, polymyositis is a progressive, inflammatory disease of skeletal muscle that causes proximal muscle weakness and other extramuscular manifestations. Although the cause is unknown one potential cause is:

Choose one answer.

a. Hypothyroidism b. Food allergy c. Vitamin and mineral deficiency d. Genetics

Question9Marks: 1

Recommended Dietary Allowances established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine has some limitations including: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. RDA is defined as “the average daily dietary nutrient intake levels sufficient to meet the nutrient requirements of nearly all healthy individuals…”, and animal studies support this conclusion. b. Biochemical and biological diversity is not accounted for in the model. c. RDA doesn’t take any environmental factors into account. d. The RDAs are designed for healthy people and don’t apply to those who are sick, have diseases, or metabolic disorders. e. RDA is based on only what is needed to prevent deficiency.

Question10Marks: 1

By consuming which type of food, on a daily basis, is it possible to prevent the alteration of the
microbiota, a consequence of opioid therapy, and to counteract the inflammatory state that
characterizes chronic pain patients?

Choose one answer.

a. seeds b. nuts c. yogurt d. red meat

Question11Marks: 1

Hormesis is defined as:

Choose one answer.

a. A dose response phenomenon characterized by a high dose stimulation and a low dose inhibition b. A non-monotonic dose response with non-specific dose response features c. A dose response phenomenon characterized by a low dose stimulation and a high dose inhibition d. A monotonic dose response with specific dose response features

Question12Marks: 1

Inflammation in the gut occurs as a result of the overgrowth of flora which have become pathogenic. In the case of shigella overgrowth and Hashimoto’s disease, John Bagnulo MPH, PhD recommends a diet almost devoid of:

Choose one answer.

a. fish b. red meat and dairy c. wheat d. eggs

Question13Marks: 1

Refined sugar and excessive sugar consumption leads to: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Obesity b. Urinary tract infections c. Mood swings d. Tooth decay

Question14Marks: 1

What accelerates atherosclerosis and progression to type II diabetes?

Choose one answer.

a. a vegan diet b. a Mediterranean diet c. a Western diet d. smoking

Question15Marks: 1

Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eyes, dry mouth, and lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands. The joints and many other tissues and organs may also be affected by the disease. Nutritional supplements to aid those suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome include but are not limited to: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Fatty acids b. Magnesium c. Vitamin Dd. Zinc e. Vitamin B12f. Vitamin C

Question16Marks: 1

In a sense nutritional medicine is synonymous with:

Choose one answer.

a. Complementary and alternative medicine b. Natural medicine c. Chinese Traditional medicine d. Orthomolecular medicine

Question17Marks: 1

Zinc is a cofactor for numerous metalloenzymes and is involved in many biochemical pathways including DNA and protein synthesis. Zinc is essential for growth and plays a role in the following: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Immune function b. Hearing c. Olfactory function d. Visual function e. Wound healing f. Urinary system function

Question18Marks: 1

Dr. Justin Marchegiani recommends non-starchy carbohydrates for a person who has insulin resistance or diabetes, and a diet:

Choose one answer.

a. very high in fats and low in proteins b. low-moderate in fats and low-moderate in proteins c. very high in fats and low-moderate in proteins d. low-moderate in fats and very high in proteins

Question19Marks: 1

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of joint disease. It is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage which can result in pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion. Potential interventions include: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Avoidance of fructose, sucrose, and sorbitol b. Adhering to a gluten free diet c. Weight loss and exercise d. Identification and removal of food allergy

Question20Marks: 1

According to Dr. Lori Arnold a food intolerance is typically caused by leaky gut. Since the gut barrier is compromised, it allows food to enter the blood system and the body responds by producing antibodies against it. In this regard all of the following are known to be problem foods except:

Choose one answer.

a. legumes b. gluten c. refined sugar d. soy

Question21Marks: 1

Which type of fatty acids trigger proinflammatory signaling pathways?

Choose one answer.

a. polyunsaturated omega-6 b. monounsaturated c. polyunsaturated omega-3 d. saturated

Question22Marks: 1

Approximately how many different chemicals are added intentionally to food?

Choose one answer.

a. 1,800b. 2,700c. 3,000d. 2,400

Question23Marks: 1

What are some symptoms of hypothyroidism? (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Weight gain b. Intolerance to the heat c. Diarrhea d. Weakness e. Fatigue

Question24Marks: 1

Zinc reacts with both pharmaceuticals and various supplements. Some of these include but are not limited to: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Iron b. Vitamin Cc. Calcium d. Vitamin E e. Vitamin D f. Aspiring. Magnesium h. ACE inhibitors

Question25Marks: 1

Macro and micro minerals are critically important for good health. The following is an example of a micro mineral:

Choose one answer.

a. magnesium b. iodine c. phosphorus d. calcium

Question26Marks: 1

Dietary recommendations basic principles include (excluding special diets): (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Fruits and vegetables b. Animal foods including meats, eggs, and dairy c. Certain convenience foods d. Alcohol products e. Whole grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes

Question27Marks: 1

Crohn’s disease is characterized by chronic inflammation of the bowel. Complications may include: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Arthritis b. Migraines c. Kidney stones d. Candida e. Osteoporosis

Question28Marks: 1

Intestinal yeast can produce 178 different yeast toxins which can be absorbed into the bloodstream and create head to toe reactions in the body. How are these yeast toxins absorbed into the bloodstream?

Choose one answer.

a. through a leaky gut b. through dermal absorption c. through infections d. via airways within the body

Question29Marks: 1

Iron is essential for what? (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Hypothalamus function b. Immune function c. Blood cell production d. Mitochondrial energy production e. Delivery of oxygen to the tissues f. Synthesis of thyroid hormone

Question30Marks: 1

According to the most complete allostatic model of physiological response to a current stressor, “wear and tear” due to sustained, repeated, or extreme allostatic accommodation is the means by which one travels from physiological wealth to physiological bankruptcy. Within this conception allostatic load is reversible, up to a point, through all of the following except:

Choose one answer.

a. better diet b. time pressure c. more exercise d. sleeping

Question31Marks: 1

Colic occurs in what percentage of healthy infants?

Choose one answer.

a. 10 – 20%b. 20 – 40%c. 10 – 30%d. 5 – 15%

Question32Marks: 1

The purpose of the allergy elimination diet is to identify hidden food allergens that may be causing one or more symptoms. What are some foods that are part of the test list? (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Vegetables b. Wheat products c. Dairy products d. Eggs e. Berries f. Grain products not including wheat g. Refined sugars h. Nuts

Question33Marks: 1

Constipation is characterized by infrequent bowel movements. What is the frequency at which this is classified?

Choose one answer.

a. Less than 5 per week b. Less than 3 per week c. Less than 6 per week d. Less than 4 per week

Question34Marks: 1

According to Dr. Joel Furhman, atherosclerosis and hypertension are the results of:

Choose one answer.

a. a lack of exercise b. an unhealthy diet c. eating meat d. aging

Question35Marks: 1

Nutritional supplements to aid those suffering from osteoarthritis include but are not limited to: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Zinc b. Niacinamide c. Glucosamine d. Vitamin E e. Chondroitin f. Vitamin Kg. Vitamin D h. Vitamin C i. B complex vitamins

Question36Marks: 1

Food additives and other contaminants can come from the following sources: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. animal products b. water supply c. fruits and vegetables d. convenience foods e. storage containers f. utensils made of silver

Question37Marks: 1

Which law states that energy can never be created or destroyed; it can only change form?

Choose one answer.

a. the law of cause and effect b. the law of vibration c. the law of energy d. the law of conservation of energy

Question38Marks: 1

What percentage of cells in the body are bacterial?

Choose one answer.

a. 60%b. 80%c. 90%d. 20%

Question39Marks: 1

Degradation of heme and appropriate adaptive metabolism of released iron are important features
that decrease tissue dysfunction/damage and enhance survival for those suffering from: (Select all that

Choose at least one answer.

a. encephalitis b. polymicrobial sepsis c. pneumonia d. gastroenteritis e. malaria

Question40Marks: 1

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease that can affect multiple tissues and organs. While no specific cause is acknowledged some potential culprits include: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Benzenes b. Lead c. Aromatic amines d. Environmental pollutants e. Hydralazine group of compounds

Question41Marks: 1

Iodine is a component of thyroid hormones. At higher concentrations than those normally found in the body it has broad-spectrum and potent antimicrobial activity. Iodine supplementation may do the following: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Improve eyesight b. Improve taste c. Correct hypothyroidism d. Increase intelligence e. Improve sexual function f. Improve hearing

Question42Marks: 1

Reactive hypoglycemia is a term used to denote an exaggerated fall in blood glucose concentration that results from excessive insulin secretion in response to a meal. What is the primary cause of this?

Choose one answer.

a. Excessive consumption of refined sugar and carbohydrates b. Excessive consumption of alcohol c. Excessive consumption of caffeine d. A diet that his regularly high in refined carbohydrates

Question43Marks: 1

One of the most common causes of a wide range of symptoms and conditions is:

Choose one answer.

a. Hidden food allergy b. Hidden environmental allergy c. Hypothyroidism d. Hyperthyroidism

Question44Marks: 1

This hormone is vital in supporting growth in young children but an excess in adults may fuel cancer growth. Lower rates of this hormone accelerates the ability of the cell to recognize methylation defects, DNA cross-links and carcinogens, therefore, the cell can more actively repair itself and detoxify. Eating a low-calorie diet inhibits its production. What is the name of this hormone?

Choose one answer.

a. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)b. estrogen c. insulin d. cortisol

Question45Marks: 1

Nonspecific gastrointestinal issues range from abdominal pain to belching and gas. What are some of the dietary causes? (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Food allergy b. Meal timing c. Mastication d. Fructose intolerance e. Very low-carbohydrate diet f. Gut fermentation

Question46Marks: 1

One of the functions of magnesium is the GTP cofactor which provides the body with all of the following: (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. translocation of proteins through cell membranes b. transport of vesicles c. protein biosynthesis d. splits phospholipids at the phosphate group e. converts ATP to cAMP

Question47Marks: 1

Multimicronutrient supplements containing which micronutrient (up to 200 mg/d) have potential as
safe, inexpensive and widely available adjuvant therapy in viral infections (e.g., HIV, IAV) as well as
in coinfections by HIV and M. tuberculosis?

Choose one answer.

a. chlorine b. selenium c. zinc d. iron

Question48Marks: 1

The argument can be made that certain aspects of modern society present situations that never existed historically in an evolutionary sense. As a result, certain biological systems are not equipped to handle these situations and severe adverse health effects often occur such as drug addiction, depression and obesity. Which biological systems are these?

Choose one answer.

a. circulatory systems b. allostatic systems c. hematopoietic systems d. homeostatic systems

Question49Marks: 1

What are some adverse consequences of cooking food? (Select all that apply)

Choose at least one answer.

a. Toxins are produced b. Nutrient loss c. Undesirable substances are deactivated d. Pathogenic microorganisms are killed

Question50Marks: 1

Psychological stress, sleep deprivation or a rich diet that is increasing the levels of glucocorticoids have the same consequences in terms of allostatic load, namely:

Choose one answer.

a. decreased risk for cardiovascular disease b. low blood pressure c. increased risk for cardiovascular disease d. epilepsy

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