Models Of Health and Healing Sample Essay Paper

Models Of Health and Healing Sample Essay Paper

Models Of Health and Healing Sample Essay Paper

Introduction

Individuals’ beliefs about health, illness, and healing influence their healthcare behaviors and shape different models of care. Beliefs are very powerful in healthcare. Beliefs can inflict powerful influences through mind and body and body interactions (CDHN, n.d.). These beliefs and their therapeutic manifestations have been in existence in society throughout history. All healing models try to address different maladies of the human condition. One common thing with all healing models is that they all treat the same health problems and conditions; such as backache, headache, and others (CDHN, n.d.). This paper provides an in-depth discussion of models of health and healing.

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What is meant by models of health?

Models Of Health and Healing Sample Essay PaperModels of health and healing are approaches being applied in healthcare to achieve health. Being healthy is referred to by many people as the absence of illness. World Health Organization defines health as a complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease. Therefore, being healthy is similar to being human. Being human is defined as being whole physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually (CDHN, n.d.). From this kind of reasoning, many health models have been suggested. These health models simply approach achieving good health.

What are models of health used for?

As stated above, models of health are used to inform the best approaches used in healthcare to achieve health. every model of health has its way of promoting the health of individuals and populations. For example, the mechanical or medical model focuses on treating the physical aspect of health but tend to omit the emotional (mind) and spiritual aspect (CDHN, n.d.). So, healthcare approaches informed by the mechanical model of health would focus on administering medications to treat the physical symptoms of a disease. Biopsychosocial on the other hand would focus on the physical, mind, and spiritual aspects of care

What are the 5 models of health and healing?

The models of health and healing include the social model, medical model, biopsychosocial model, salutogenic model, and ecosystem health model. The social model of health emerged from the social model of disability, which has been strongly promoted by the disability rights movement. This model was developed as a response to the additional medical model (CDHN, n.d.). The social model of health focuses on all factors contributing to health, such as culture, social. Political, and the environment. The salutogenic model was developed by the sociologist Aaron Antonovsky and focuses on how and why people stay well. This model increases understanding of the relationship between stressors, coping, and health (CDHN, n.d.). Ecosystem health holds the perception that humanity is one among and part of the many in an environment that are being changed as a result of human activity: land use, climate change, population growth, resource depletion, pollution, urbanization, loss of biodiversity, and others.

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The models of health and healing include the social model, medical model, biopsychosocial model, salutogenic model, and ecosystem health model. The social model of health emerged from the social model of disability, which has been strongly promoted by the disability rights movement. This model was developed as a response to the additional medical model (CDHN, n.d.). The social model of health focuses on all factors contributing to health, such as culture, social. Political, and the environment. The salutogenic model was developed by the sociologist Aaron Antonovsky and focuses on how and why people stay well. This model increases understanding of the relationship between stressors, coping, and health (CDHN, n.d.). Ecosystem health holds the perception that humanity is one among and part of the many in an environment that is being changed as a result of human activity: land use, climate change, population growth, resource depletion, pollution, urbanization, loss of biodiversity, and others.

What are the 3 models of health promotion?

The first model of health and healing is the medical model. It was developed during the age of enlightenment in the 18th century. It was during this time that science began to dominate academia and medical practice (CDHN, n.d.). The core element or belief of modern health is that science must cure all diseases. The medical model of health appears easy to understand since it makes health an attribute that can be measured simply by determining if an illness is present or not. However, over-dependence on the influence of medical science and the emphasis on the absence of disease in health ignores the power of other important influences.

Another model of health and healing is the biopsychosocial model, also called the body, mind, spirit model. It was developed by psychiatrist George Engel in 1977. The model acknowledges the fact that many factors affect health and gives absolute attention to humanness. The biopsychosocial model perceives health as a scientific construct and a social phenomenon (CDHN, n.d.). The model often looks at the biological factors that affect health including age, gender, disease, and others. It also examines psychological factors such as individual beliefs and perceptions. Additionally, the model looks into social factors influencing health such as the presence or absence of relationships, the community, and others.

The third model of health promotion is the body-mind model. The body-mind model is consistent with the non-Cartesian framework, which suggested that the mind and body are not viewed as separate and opposite entities. The main premise of this approach is that processes of the mind (thinking and feeling) are embedded in one’s sensory and motor experiences. The body-mind model is developmental and epigenetic in nature: each core therapeutic process evolves from those that precede it and earlier developmental processes are revisited cyclically.

Some Models in Public Health

The tiered Model of Public Health is commonly used in addressing public health issues, including in approaches to countering violent extremism (NAP, 2017). This model is applied in the public health sector to implement the task of prevention. The four-tiered Model of Public Health Prevention has four levels of prevention such as primordial prevention, primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Primordial prevention focuses on social and economic policies affecting health. The primary prevention targets risk factors leading to disease and injury. Secondary prevention prevents injury or disease once exposed to risk factors at an early stage (NAP, 2017). Tertiary prevention (at the top) involves rehabilitating individuals with disease or injury to improve health.

Another model specifically used in public health is the CDC’s 10 Essential Functions of Public Health. The model was developed to guide how the public health system, approach, and workforce can contribute to improving community health. these 10 essential functions are widely accepted as forming the foundation for all public health activities (NAP, 2017). It explains in detail how each of the 10 essential functions can be applied to improve the health of many people.

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Conclusion

Good health is a fundamental component of life. There are several definitions of health, based on the health and healing model one chooses to refer to. These models include the social model, medical model, biopsychosocial model, salutogenic model, and ecosystem health model. There are also holistic and wellness models of health. The Tiered Model of Public Health and the CDC’s 10 Essential Functions of Public Health have a significant influence on public health.

Reference

CDHN, (n.d.). Models Of Health. https://www.cdhn.org/sites/default/files/downloads/FACTSHEETS%201_Screen%20View%281%29.pdf

NAP. (2017). Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Applying Public Health Models and Approaches to Countering Violent Extremism. https://www.nap.edu/read/24638/chapter/6

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