NR 510 Week 4 Discussion Part One: Organizational Change and Ethical-Legal Influences in Advanced Practice Nursing Case Study
NR 510 Week 4 Discussion Part One – You are a family nurse practitioner employed in a busy primary care office. The providers in the group include one physician and three nurse practitioners. The back office staff includes eight medical assistants who assist with patient care as well as filing, answering calls from patients, processing laboratory results and taking prescription renewal requests from patients and pharmacies. Stephanie, a medical assistant, has worked in the practice for 10 years and is very proficient at her job. She knows almost every patient in the practice, and has an excellent rapport with all of the providers.
Mrs. Smith was seen today in the office for an annual physical. Her last appointment was a year ago for the same reason. During this visit, Mrs. Smith brought an empty bottle of amoxicillin with her and asked if she could have a refill. You noted the patient’s name on the label, and the date on the bottle was 1 week ago. You also noted your name printed on the label as the prescriber. The patient admitted that she called last week concerned about her cough and spoke to Stephanie. You do not recall having discussed this patient with Stephanie nor do the other providers in the practice.
NR 510 Week 4 Discussion Part One – Discussion Question:
What is your next logically sound course of action? Provide evidence to support your response.
NR 510 Week 4 Discussion Part One Sample
My immediate action is to address the patient’s reason for the visit. According to Mitchell and Oliphant (2016), I have a responsibility to conduct a comprehensive patient interview or consultation before prescribing any medications. While there are ethical issues with what Stephanie did, even though her intentions were good, this must be addressed in private later. Mrs. Smith has already taken a prescribed dose of amoxicillin for her cough. If the amoxicillin has not cleared up the cough, I should not provide her with a refill order just yet. This may have been the wrong medicine to prescribe for a cough in the first place. For one, if Mrs. Smith felt comfortable with Stephanie calling in a prescription order without the doctor’s consent, this may not be the first time she has been prescribed an antibiotic without being checked-out first. Mrs. Smith may have developed a resistance to the antibiotic. Norris et al. (2013) state antibiotic resistance is a serious, growing threat that causes the bacteria in patients’ bodies to become immune to the antibiotics medicinal properties. Many respiratory conditions are viral infections not bacteria-based illnesses, and Mrs. Smith may not have known that antibiotics only work against bacteria. There are many possible factors as to why Mrs. Smith has developed a chronic cough. I should conduct her physical exam and ask her questions about her cough (when it developed, the type of cough like wet or dry, does the patient smoke, any shortness of breath, has she taken any medication other than amoxicillin to treat the cough). I should then draw Mrs. Smith’s blood to send to lab for testing to determine if she has become resistant to amoxicillin. Also, during her physical, I can see if movement or exertion prompt her to cough. Once the physical has been performed and cough symptoms evaluated, I will take medications, past health history, and any present conditions I have recognized during the physical into consideration then decide on the best cough treatment plan. Once the patient has been taken care of, I will create thorough notes to document the visit, my findings and actions, and Stephanie’s actions then report what has occurred to the primary physician and office manager.
NR 510 Week 4 Discussion Part One References
Mitchell, A., & Oliphant, C. M. (2016). Responsibility for ethical prescribing. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 12(3), A20. Retrieved from DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2016.01.008
Norris, P., Chamberlain, K., Dew, K., Gabe, J., Hodgetts, D., & Madden, H. (2013). Public beliefs about antibiotics, infection and resistance: A qualitative study. Antibiotics, 2(4), 465-476. doi:10.3390/antibiotics2040465