Assignment:Study using the PICO Format

Assignment:Study using the PICO Format

Assignment:Study using the PICO Format

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Submit a paper of 2–3 pages in APA format that addresses the following items: Paper is to be written in question, Answer format. (ex. Write the question then answer should follow). All references should not be more than 5 years old.

Develop a clinical question for study using the PICO format.
P: a population or a group of patients, for example patients with insulin dependent diabetes
I: an intervention, such as patient education programs
C: a comparison intervention or treatment, such as home visits by a nurse
O: patient outcomes
For example: Do educational programs for diabetics on insulin or home visits to a diabetic do more to support control of blood sugar?
For example: Do patient educational classes for asthmatic patients lead to improved functional status (decrease hospitalizations)? (Note: In this example, there is no comparison treatment.)
Using MEDLINE/PubMed (using MeSH) and CINAHL, do the following:
Conduct a systematic search for relevant research findings on your topic or question.
List the words that you entered to perform each search.
List the number of findings that were returned.
Identify the steps that you took to narrow the search to more precise findings.
Describe at least 3 sources of relevant literature findings on your PICO question.
You should be able to locate the article in full text or an abstract of the study.
Select research findings that most closely fit the PICO question that you posed
Cite the references.
Now, research your PICO question using this scholarly search engine.
List the number of “hits” that were returned.
How does this search engine rate and rank the reference articles that it lists in a search?
How does this search engine ranking system aid researchers as they seek information?
Explain the following:
What steps can a researcher use to narrow the search for information on a clinical topic?
Why is it necessary to narrow a search?
Which search did you find to be the most effective and useful on this clinical topic, and what made it effective for you?
What is the difference between a search engine and a database for locating relevant practice information?
Select a preferred search tool, and identify the rationale for your preference.

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

 

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